Dear readers, over the next three posts, we will be short profiling the biggest cyber attacks in history in terms of their harm and financial damage they wrecked. Here is the part one, profiling no.25 to no. 18. So tighten your seat belts and get ready for some surprising facts.
Also known as Skywiper and Flamer, Flame is a modular computer malware that was discovered in 2012 as a virus used to attacks computer systems in Middle Eastern countries that run on Microsoft Windows as their operating system. Used by hackers for espionage purposes, it infected other systems over a local network (LAN) or USB stick including over 1,000 machines from private individuals, educational institutions, and government organizations. It also recorded audio, including Skype conversation, keyboard activity, screenshots, and network traffic. It was discovered on May 28, 2012 by the MAHER Center of Iranian National Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT), the CrySys Lab and Kaspersky Lab.
24. JULY 2009 CYBER ATTACKS
These were a series of coordinated attacks against major government, financial websites and news agencies of both the United States and South Korea involving the activation of botnet. This involved a number of hijacked computers that caused servers to overload due to the flooding of traffic called DDoS attack. The numbers of hijacked computers varied depending on the sources and include 50,000 from the Symantec’s Security Technology Response Group, 20,000 from the National Intelligence Service of South Korea, and more than 166,000 from Vietnamese computer security researchers as they analyzed the two servers used by the invaders.
23. CANADIAN GOVERNMENT HACKING
The Canadian government has revealed in news sources that they became a victim of cyber attacks in February 2011 from foreign hackers with IP addresses from China. These hackers were able to infiltrate three departments within the Canadian government and transmitted classified information back to themselves. Canada eventually cut off the internet access of the three departments in order to cut off the transmission towards China.
Paypal became a victim of cyber attack in December 2010 after it permanently restricted the account used by WikiLeaks to raise fund, citing their violation of the Acceptable Use of Policy as their reason. However, it did not only result in multiple boycotts from individual users but also caused hackers to move in.
21. PROJECT CHANOLOGY
The biggest protest movement against the Church of Scientology was conducted by Anonymous, a leaderless group of internet-based hacktivist that originated from 4chan. The Project Chanology originated from the church’s attempt to remove the material from the highly-publicized interview of Tom Cruise, a prominent member of the church, in the internet in January 2008. It started with a YouTube “Message to Scientology” on January 21, 2008 and was followed by distributed denial of service attacks (DDoS), prank calls, black faxes and other methods due to their views of internet censorship implemented by Scientology.
An English-language image board website used for posting pictures and discussion of the Japanese manga and anime, 4chan was launched on October 1, 2003 by a bored 15-year-old student from New York City named Christopher Poole. Since users of the website can post anonymously, experts believed that its users were able to pull off the highest collective actions in the history of the internet.
One of their victims includes Hal Turner, who was raided with DDoS attacks and prank calling in his radio show from December 2006 to 2007. Later that year, the private Yahoo!Mail account of Sarah Palin, who was running as a Republican vice presidential candidate in the 2008 US presidential election, was hacked by a 4chan user, resulting in criticisms in using private email accounts for government work.
19. ATTACK ON INDIAN GOVERNMENT
Despite the country reputation for being an IT and software powerhouse, India has reported 13,301 cyber security breaches in 2011. However, the biggest cyber attack that the country has faced occurred on July 12, 2012 where hackers penetrated the email accounts of 12,000 people, which include high officials from Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Ministry of Home Affairs, and the Ministry of External Affairs.